Mahatma Gandhi Quotes
Who Was Mahatma Gandhi?
Mahatma Gandhi, being the prominent leader of India fought the non-violent independence battle against British rule. Also being a lawyer by profession, in South Africa, he supported the civil rights of Indians. He was born in Porbandar, India. Gandhi studied law and regulated boycotts against British establishments in peaceful aspects of civil disobedience. Non- violence and truth were his life quotes. He was assassinated by Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse in 1948.
Mahatma Gandhi Quotes
Gandhi’s Early Life and Education
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi to the world, was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Kathiawar, India. At that time, it was an integral part of the British Empire.
Gandhi’s father, Karamchand Gandhi, was a chief minister in Porbandar and also served as CM in other states of western India. His mother, Putlibai, was a very religious woman who used to fast regularly.
Gandhi, as a youngster was very shy and a simple student. He used to sleep with the lights on as he was afraid of the dark, even as a teenager. In the following years, the teenager disapproved of smoking, eating meat and stealing change from family servants.
Gandhi was eager to become a doctor, but his father wished, he would also serve as a government minister. Therefore, Gandhi was directed to join the legal profession. In 1888, Gandhi moved to London, England for pursuing law. He was just 18 years old then. The inexperienced Gandhi struggled with the shift to the Western culture of England.
In 1891, Gandhi returned to India. He discovered that his mother had died a few weeks before his return. He then struggled to attain his foundation as a lawyer. In his first courtroom case, he got nervous and speechless when asked to cross-examine a witness. He instantly left the courtroom after paying back his client for his legal payments.
Gandhi’s Wife and Kids
Gandhi was married to Kasturba Makanji, a merchant’s daughter when he was just 13 years old. Kasturba died in Gandhi’s arms in February 1944 at the age of 74.
In 1885, Gandhi overcame the demise of his father and immediately after that his young baby also passed away.
In 1888, Kasturba gave birth to a boy. Gandhi’s second son was born in India in 1893. Kasturba gave birth to two more sons while residing in South Africa, one in 1897 and another in 1900. Gandhi with Kasturba had four children, all sons.
Gandhi was a worshipper of the almighty Hindu God, Vishnu. He also followed Jainism because Jainism is considered to be a purely rigid historical Indian religion that considers non-violence, fasting, meditation, and vegetarianism as the soul.
From1888 to 1891, Gandhi Ji stayed in London. He became a strict vegetarian, eating only a meatless diet. He later also joined the administrative council of the London Vegetarian Society. He began reading different holy scripts to discover more about other religions in the world.
While Gandhi Ji was residing in South Africa, he continued to study world religions. “The spiritual soul within me became a living force,” he wrote these words in South Africa. He engaged himself in religious Hindu holy texts and adopted a life of clarity, temperance, fasting, and innocence that was far from materialistic things.
Gandhi’s Impact in South Africa
Gandhi tried finding work as a lawyer in India, but in April 1893, Gandhi was able to acquire a one-year contract to execute legal services in South Africa. He later shifted to Durban in the South African state of Natal.
When Gandhi reached South Africa, he was soon stunned to see the discrimination and racial segregation of Indian emigrants by the white British and Boer authorities. Upon his initial appearance in a Durban courtroom, Gandhi was asked to remove his turban. He denied and left the court instantly. The Natal Advertiser taunted him in newspapers as “an unwelcome visitor.”
Gandhi’s Return to India
Gandhi returned back to India from South Africa in 1914. At the outburst of World War I, Gandhi devoured some months in London.
In 1915, Gandhi laid the first stone of an ashram in Ahmedabad, India, that was open to all castes. He then used to wear a simple loincloth and a shawl. Gandhi lived a simple life dedicated to prayer, fasting, and meditation. Due to him, living an austere life, he used to be called “Mahatma,” which means “great soul.”
Gandhi played a crucial role in making India free from the hands of British rule. His Non-Cooperation movement, Dandi March and the Civil Disobedience movement ware some of the prominent actions taken by Gandhi Ji to set India free.
Mahatma Gandhi’s Assasin
On January 30, 1948, 78-year-old Gandhi was shot and assassinated by Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse, who was upset at Gandhi’s tolerance of Muslims.
Godse knelt before Gandhi. He then suddenly drawn out a semi-automatic pistol and shot him three times in the chest at the point-blank range. The brutal action of Nathuram took the life of a pacifist who devoted his whole life to spreading non-violence in the whole world.
Godse with a co-conspirator was hanged till death in November 1949. Other conspirators were convicted to life in prison.
Satyagraha continues to be one of the most powerful ideologies in freedom struggles throughout the world today.
These Mahatma Gandhi Quotes reflect his nature of simple living — making his own clothes, eating a vegetarian diet and using fasts for self-purification.